There are times when extraction is the best treatment option. For the extraction of Wisdom Teeth, please read “Wisdom Teeth”.

It’s always best to try and save your own tooth, as natural teeth function better than artificial teeth such as dentures, bridges and implants. Your Dentist may recommend root canal treatment to save your tooth as a last resort. However, it’s not always suitable and an extraction may be necessary.

When do teeth need to be extracted?

There are a number of reasons as to why teeth may need to be extracted, including;

  • Extensive damage to a tooth
    Badly decayed or damaged teeth due to trauma.
  • Periodontal Disease
    Poor dental hygiene and a plaque build-up can lead to Periodontal Disease. If left untreated this can cause damage to the underlying bone and surrounding tissues of the tooth’s root. Infection can cause the root to become loose and saving the tooth may not be possible.
  • Prevention of complications
    Complications such as infections or abscesses in the teeth or roots, or spread of infection through the blood stream may occur if badly diseased teeth aren’t extracted promptly.
  • Improved appearance
    Sometimes extracting a tooth or more than one may be recommended to improve appearance when undergoing some Orthodontic treatment.
  • Teeth with no function
    The tooth may be better extracted if there is no opposing partner to grind against during chewing.
  • Cracks in tooth root
    The tooth’s root may crack or split and can’t be repaired so will need to be extracted

Can an extracting a tooth then affect other teeth?

Once the tooth is extracted, this can cause other teeth to move or tilt into the gap, making chewing and biting more difficult. Increased decay and gum disease around the teeth that have moved can then potential cause other problems.

A bridge, denture or an implant can prevent neighbouring teeth from moving or titling into the gap.